European framework of references for languages

Common European Framework of Reference

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) was developed by the Council of Europe as an instrument for measuring language ability, thus providing educational institutions across Europe with a basis for standardizing language qualifications and assessment criteria. The CEFR focuses on the five primary language skills: listening, reading, spoken interaction, spoken production and writing. Each of these skills is assessed according to six different competency levels:

Basic user



Beginner "Survival level"

Independant user



Intermediate Upper intermediate

Proficient user



Advanced Mastery

Click here for the abridged version of the CEFR. The CEFR and Wikipedia.  

CEFR levels

To reach a higher A-level, a student generally needs 40 hours of training. For B-levels it's 50 hours and for the C-levels it's an average of 60 hours. If the participant turns up and puts in sufficient effort, we guarantee you to move up one higher CEFR level. For languages such as Finnish, Hungarian and Russian, more training hours are required.

Using the CEFR

The CEFR is used during intakes to determine the entry level of the participant. At the end of the course, the attained level is determined using CEFR guidelines. Both levels are shown on the course certificate. 

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